Alopecia is a condition in which the immune system attacks the hair follicles which results in hair of that area falling out. The area which loses hair becomes totally bald and smooth. Alopecia affects men and women of all age but mostly less than 20 years of age. This condition is not permanent and is usually treatable.
A doctor specializing in alopecia or an Alopecia Doctor will diagnose the disease through a physical examination and medical history. The doctor will ask for a thorough detail of your medical history. The Alopecia doctor will also ask for the details of your hair loss, examine your scalp and look at the pattern of your hair loss. The Alopecia Doctor might also gently pull out some hair from the affected area.
If the doctor is not clear about the reason for the condition, he/she may also run some tests to know the reason causing the condition. The Alopecia Doctor will do a hair analysis which is basically examination of hair under the microscope. The doctor may also run some tests for specific conditions like overactive or underactive thyroid glands.
Types of Alopecia
Many people are at this point are familiar with the term Alopecia, after various reports in the press about Celebrities who are experiencing Hair Loss. Alopecia is the Latin word for Hair Loss, and the term covers a scope of conditions. Here we will take a look at the most widely recognised types of Alopecia.
1. Androgenic Alopecia – Androgenic Alopecia is the logical name for the hereditary hair loss conditions Male Pattern Baldness and Female Pattern Hair Loss. It is the most well known type of hair loss, and influences numerous people eventually in their lives, sometimes as early as the late teens or mid twenties.
The condition is, caused when Enzymes in the body start transforming the hormone testosterone into its subsidiary, Dihydrotestosterone, which has the impact of contracting the hair follicles. An inclination for Androgenetic Alopecia can be gone down through the Genes on either the Paternal or Maternal side.
2. Alopecia Areata – This is the type of Hair Loss commonly associated with the Term “Alopecia” in media reports. Alopecia Areata generally introduces itself as Patchy Hair Loss on the Scalp, and is an autoimmune system issue, which makes the body’s own Immune System to assault Healthy Hair Follicles. The correct reasons for the condition stay obscure, yet it is broadly, thought to be activated by Stress and Traumatic mishaps.
3. Alopecia Totalis – Now and again, Alopecia Areata can advance to the entire scalp. This is known as, Alopecia Totalis. At its most extraordinary, the Hair Loss can happen over the whole body, including Eyebrows.
4. Alopecia Universalis – Alopecia Universalis (AU) is a condition that causes hair loss. This type of hair loss is unlike other forms of alopecia. AU causes complete hair loss on your scalp and body. AU is a type of alopecia areata. However, it differs from localized alopecia areata, which causes patches of hair loss, and alopecia totalis, which causes complete hair loss on the scalp only. Little Britain co-creator Matt Lucas experiences this kind of Hair Loss, which is known as Alopecia Universalis.
5. Ciatricial Alopecia or Scarring Alopecia –
Ciatrical Alopecia is, also known as, Scarring Alopecia. The condition Cicatricial Alopecia or Scarring Alopecia is a type of Hair Loss in which hair follicles, are pulverized and replaced by scar tissues.
There are two types of Cicatricial Alopecia
- Primary Cicatricial Alopecia
- Secondary Cicatricial Alopecia
A) Primary Cicatricial Alopecia – Primary Cicatricial Alopecia the hair loss is, caused straightforwardly by irritation of the hair follicles, the reasons for which are minimal understood.
B) Secondary Cicatricial Alopecia – Secondary Cicatricial Alopecia in the meantime, alludes to Scarring Hair Loss, which happens because of an occasion or process inconsequential to the follicles, for example, Burns or Infections.
6.Traction Alopecia – Traction Alopecia varies from different types of Alopecia in that it is generally, caused specifically by the activities of the person, which result in unreasonable strain on the hair and breakage. Certain Haircuts, for example, Interlacing and tight Ponytails are normal reasons for Traction Alopecia. It, can be also caused by rehashed treatments with chemicals, for example, Hair Shading and Bleaching.
Causes of Alopecia
There are various potential reasons for Alopecia:
Hair Loss – Temporary or Permanent? It can be activated by any number of variables. These can incorporate allergies, aggravations, toxins, burns, wounds, and infections. We additionally realize that specific medications (particularly anabolic steroids), Chronic Kidney Failure, Radiation, and Chemotherapy can make hair fall. Occasionally, hair loss might be because of a Vitamin A overdose, Iron Deficiency, Anemia, a malfunctioning of thyroid organ, fever, hormonal imbalances, or pregnancy.
Side effects and Complications
Thinning of Hair is the most evident side effect of Androgenic Alopecia. In men, it starts at the crown, temples, or both. They additionally have a tendency to get a “High Forehead” that is related with a Receding Hairline. For women, Hair Loss starts on the highest point of the head. While men can go totally Bald, women do not more often than not lose all the hair on the crown of the head.
Alopecia Areata shows up as sudden losses of small round patches of hair, normally from the scalp, yet some of the time from the face or body. The fingernails might be daintily hollowed or stippled. The disease often comes in cycles, with Re-Growth in the middle.
Making the Diagnosis
While hair loss can be exceptionally troubling, Alopecia without anyone else is not destructive – the harm is Cosmetic. Yet, there is dependably a shot that Alopecia may be an auxiliary impact or symptom of some different sickness. Undoubtedly, just Medical Tests and Consultation with your Doctor can guarantee the correct diagnosis. Always consult a specialist on the off chance that you begin to lose hair.
Family history will frequently tell the specialist what type of Alopecia an Individual has. Occasionally, a punch biopsy might be important to decide the kind of Hair Loss. Taking a gander at culled hairs under a Microscope can differentiate between Alopecia Areata and Androgenic Alopecia. Different tests; may be done to check for immune system diseases like lupus that can go with Alopecia.
Treatment and Prevention from Alopecia
Platelet Rich Plasma- PRP + Stem Cell Therapy + Ionization Therapy + Cell Active Therapy
*Result may vary as per the Severity of Patient Hair Condition
Medications are accessible that support Re-growth of hair.
These medications, for example, Topical Minoxidil and Oral Finasteride, are not suitable for everybody with Hair Loss.
Finasteride is not suitable for women who may become pregnant, as it can cause extreme Birth defects.
Biotin is a Vitamin that makes hair stronger and utilized regularly as an Adjuvant Therapy.
Corticosteroids are another type of medicine that might be, utilized for a few types of Hair Loss.
A few people with Hair Loss have somewhat Low Iron or Zinc Levels and may beneﬁt by Iron and Zinc supplements.
The rest of the choices are to experience Surgery or wear a Wig or Hairpiece or Hair Skin or Hair Patch or Toupee.
Great quality modern Hair Parches or Hair Skin or Toupee or Hairpieces can be imperceptible.